Stuart R. Hameroff, MD

Director, Center for Consciousness Studies

Emeritus Professor, Department of Anesthesiology

Emeritus Professor, Department of Psychology

 

(520) 626-7999
Education
Medical School: 
1973: Hahnemann Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Residency: 
Anesthesiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona

Summary Bio Sketch:

Dr. Stuart Hameroff was born in Buffalo, New York and grew up in Cleveland, Ohio where he worked at Republic Steel and Cleveland Stadium. He earned his undergraduate degree at the University of Pittsburgh, and received his MD at Hahnemann in Philadelphia in 1973. He then moved to Tucson, where in 1975 he became the sixth resident in the Department of Anesthesiology at the University of Arizona. Joining the faculty in 1977, Dr. Hameroff has stayed ever since. Dr. Hameroff's research for 35 years has involved consciousness (how the pinkish gray meat between our ears produces the richness of experiential awareness). Studying anesthetic gas mechanisms, he focused on how quantum effects control protein conformational dynamics. Following an interest which began in medical school in the computational capacity of microtubules inside neurons, Dr. Hameroff teamed up with the eminent British physicist Sir Roger Penrose in the early 90's to develop a highly controversial theory of consciousness called ‘orchestrated objective reduction’ (Orch OR). Dr. Hameroff began the international, interdisciplinary biennial conferences on consciousness (Toward a Science of Consciousness) in 1994, becoming Director of the Center for Consciousness Studies at the University of Arizona. He has published five books and well over 100 research articles, and appeared in the film ‘What the Bleep do We Know?’ and numerous TV documentaries on the problem of consciousness.

 

Links:

IEEE Digital Library 1988-2009 Hameroff authored articles

 

Selected Talks/Presentations/Video:

Upcoming 2014-2015:  

2014:

2013

  • Neuroscience, 2013, Society for Neuroscience, November 14, 2013 - San Diego, California

    • Transcranial Ultrasound (‘TUS’) an Optimal Non-Invasive Brain-Machine Interface via Microtubules? SR Hameroff, JL Sanguinetti, C Duffield, U Raman, S Ghosh, S Parker, QD Amos, JJB Allen

    • Debate on ‘Molecular mechanisms of anesthesia’ Session Title: Do Anesthetics Act on Neuronal Surface Membranes, or Internal Cytoplasm?  A Debate on the role of Claude Bernard’s theory for contemporary  research into anesthetic mechanisms. Hameroff, S., ‘Claude Bernard is Still Correct: Anesthetics Act in Neuronal Cytoplasmic Interiors’
  • American Society of Anesthesiologists Annual Meeting, October 11-15, 2013, San Francisco, CA, S. Hameroff, Debate on ‘Molecular Mechanisms of Anesthesia’    pdf program book

  • Sages and Scientists Symposium, August 16-18, 2013, Carlsbad, California, S. Hameroff,  ‘Consciousness and the Anthropic Principle’-  VIDEO

2012

2010-2011

  • QANSAS 2011, Agra, India, Quantum and Nanocomputing Systems, Quantum and Nano Computing Systems Centre (QANCENTRE), December 1-4, 2011

  • Toward a Science of Consciousness, Stockholm 2-8 May, 2011, Link to 2011 TSC Abstracts,

    • Hameroff, S  Meyer-Overton Meets Quantum Physics: Consciousness, Memory and Anesthetic Binding in Tubulin Hydrophobic Channels [131] - Anesthesia Plenary 13

 

Selected Press/Interviews

2013

2012

Hameroff, S., Comment on: Comment on “Consciousness, biology and quantum hypotheses” in Quantum brain biology complements neuronal assembly approaches to consciousness by Baars and Edelman, S. Hameroff, 2012; July 11

 

2012-Video

Re:  Carhart-Harris et al (2012) Neural correlates of the psychedelic ... In a startling surprise (published in the stodgy PNAS), Carhart-Harris et al found that psilocybin-induced expanded states of ... molecules may also bind directly to microtubules.)  Carhart-Harris conclude from their study: These results strongly imply that the ... Turning consciousness upside down: Magic mushrooms and the fractal brain hierarchy

 

2011

  • QANSAS 2011, Agra, India, Quantum and Nanocomputing Systems, Quantum and Nano Computing Systems Centre (QANCENTRE), December 1-4, 2011

  • TSC 2011 Stockholm

2011-Video

June 8, 2011 (Tucson, AZ), University Medical Center physicians Stuart Hameroff (Department of Anesthesiology and Director of the Center for Consciousness Studies  and Dr. Michael Lemole (Neurosurgery) appear on Discovery Channel Science television program Through the Wormhole with host and narrator, Morgan Freeman, featuring interviews and scenes filmed at UMC with numerous operating room staff. Morgan Freeman host and narrator highlights views of leading researchers and skeptics into the questions of near-death experiences,consciousness, quantum effects on biological research and the science behind what we know today.

 

Additional Video selections found via QuantumConsciousness.org

Honors & Awards: 

 

Best Doctors in America 2013, 2014

Penrose-Hameroff 'Orch OR' model listed as one of six theories of consciousness, World Book of Science 2000

Penrose-Hameroff 'Orch OR' model featured in 'The Scientist': "Consciousness Studies - an
Emerging Discipline?" Related to consciousness research:  BBC, PBS, Discovery Channel, Through the Wormhole, and several documentary films, radio interviews and popular magazine features (Discover, Scientific American) 

 

EDITORIAL BOARDS
BioSystems, Journal of Consciousness Studies

 

 

SELECTED

PEER-REVIEWED ARTICLES & BOOK CHAPTERS

Stuart Hameroff,  MD

updated October, 2014

 

In press

The Feasibility of Coherent Energy Transfer in Microtubules. Travis John Adrian Craddock, Douglas Friesen, Jonathan Mane, Stuart Hameroff, Jack A. Tuszynski 2014 Journal of the Royal Society Interface, in press

A model of quantum-von Neumann hybrid cellular automata: Principles and simulation of quantum coherent superposition and decoherence in cytoskeletal microtubules. M. Alfonseca, A. Ortega, M. de la Cruz, S.R. Hameroff, and R. Lahoz-Beltra. Quantum Information & Computation (SCI JCR 2012 1.646), Rinton Press, 15:1&2, pp. 22-36, Jan. 2015 (in press)

Published

2014

Human Brain Stimulation with Transcranial Ultrasound - Potential Applications for Mental Health. Joseph L. Sanguinetti, Ezra Smith, John J.B. Allen, and Stuart Hameroff 2014, in: Bioelectromagnetic and Subtle Energy Medicine, Second Edition CRC Press pp 355-360

Consciousness, free will and quantum brain biology – The ‘Orch OR’ theory. Hameroff, Stuart

In: Quantum Physics Meets the Philosophy of Mind

Ed. by Corradini, Antonella / Meixner, Uw DeGruyter, pp 99-134

Consciousness in the universe: A review of the 'Orch OR' theory. Hameroff S, Penrose R., Phys Life Rev. 2014, Mar;11(1):39-78.
doi: 10.1016/j.plrev.2013.08.002. Epub 2013 Aug 20. PMID: 24070914 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24070914
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1571064513001188

Reply to Seven Commentaries on“Consciousness in the Universe: Review of the ‘Orch OR’ theory" Hameroff S, Penrose R (2014) Physics of Life Reviews 11:94–100
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1571064513001905

Reply to Criticism of the 'Orch OR qubit' - Orchestrated objective reduction is scientifically justified Hameroff S, Penrose R (2014) Physics of Life Reviews 11(1):104-112
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1571064513001917

Quantum effects in the understanding of consciousness. Hameroff SR, Craddock TJ, Tuszynski JA. J Integr Neurosci. 2014 Apr;13(2):229-52. doi: 10.1142/S0219635214400093. PMID: 25012711 [PubMed - in process] http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25012711

Quantum walks in brain microtubules-a biomolecular basis for quantum cognition? Hameroff S., Top Cogn Sci. 2014 Jan;6(1):91-7. doi: 10.1111/tops.12068. Epub 2013 Nov 21. PMID: 24259348 [PubMed - in process] http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24259348

The Feasibility of Coherent Energy Transfer in Microtubules Travis John Adrian Craddock, Douglas Friesen, Jonathan Mane, Stuart Hameroff, Jack A. Tuszynski arXiv:1405.3170 [physics.bio-ph] 2014 http://arxiv.org/abs/1405.3170

Consciousness, microtubules, & 'Orch OR': A space-time odyssey, S. Hameroff 2014 The Journal of Consciousness Studies, 21(3-4)126-153

'HOT to DOT’ – A ‘Deeper order thought’ theory of consciousness, S. Hameroff, P. Pylkkanen, R. Gennaro (2014), Chapter 15 in: Brain, Mind, Cosmos: The Nature of Our Existence and the Universe (Sages and Scientists Series Book 1) [Kindle Edition] Edited by Deepak Chopra

 

2013

Quantum mathematical cognition requires quantum brain biology: the "Orch OR" theory. Hameroff SR. Behav Brain Sci. 2013 Jun;36(3):287-90. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X1200297X. PMID: 23673035 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23673035

A tale of two fields: comment on "Dissipation of 'dark energy' by cortex in knowledge retrieval" by Capolupo, Freeman and Vitiello.
Hameroff S., Phys Life Rev. 2013 Mar;10(1):95-6; discussion 112-6. doi: 10.1016/j.plrev.2013.01.007. Epub 2013 Jan 26. PMID: 23375127 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23375127

Transcranial ultrasound (TUS) effects on mental states: a pilot study. Hameroff S, Trakas M, Duffield C, Annabi E, Gerace MB, Boyle P, Lucas A, Amos Q, Buadu A, Badal JJ. Brain Stimul. 2013 May;6(3):409-15. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2012.05.002. Epub 2012 May 29. PMID: 22664271 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22664271

Quantum mathematical cognition requires quantum brain biology: the "Orch OR" theory.
Hameroff SR. Behav Brain Sci. 2013 Jun;36(3):287-90. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X1200297X. PMID: 23673035

The Feasibility of Coherent Energy Transfer in Microtubules Travis John Adrian Craddock, Douglas Friesen, Jonathan Mane, Stuart Hameroff, Jack A. Tuszynski arXiv:1405.3170

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SELECTED PEER REVIEWED ARTICLES - 2012
How quantum brain biology can rescue conscious free will, Hameroff, S., Front Integr Neurosci. 2012; 6: 93, Oct 12, 2012
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23091452 Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3470100/

Quantum brain biology complements neuronal assembly approaches to consciousness: Comment on “Consciousness, biology and quantum hypotheses” by Baars and Edelman
S. Hameroff, July 11, 2012 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1571064512000851

Computational Predictions of Volatile Anesthetic Interactions with the Microtubule Cytoskeleton: Implications for Side Effects of General Anesthesia, PLOS One, Craddock T, St George M, Freedman H, Barakat K, Damaraju S, Hameroff S, Tuszynski J (2012). June 25, 2012 http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0037251

Anesthetics, tubulin and post-operative cognitive dysfunction, PLoS One,June 25, 2012
Computational Predictions of Volatile Anesthetic Interactions with the Microtubule Cytoskeleton: Implications for Side Effects of General Anesthesia,
Travis, JA, Marc St. George, Holly Freedman, Khaled Barakat, Sambasivarao Damaraju, Stuart Hameroff, Jack A Tuszynski
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi/10.1371/journal.pone.0037251

The Zinc Dyshomeostasis Hypothesis of Alzheimer's Disease, Craddock TJ, Tuszynski JA, Chopra D, Casey N, Goldstein LE, Hameroff SR, Tanzi RE.
PLoS One. 2012;7(3):e33552. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0033552. Epub 2012 Mar 23. Erratum in: PLoS One. 2012;7(6): doi/10.1371/annotation/866da844-12ad-4fef-a57e-92a4549e035c. PLoS One. 2013;8(5). doi:10.1371/annotation/e83fbf22-647f-496f-b27d-5aff26898083. PLoS One. 2012;7(4): doi/10.1371/annotation/57c710a6-83ba-444c-a352-b9f60125f2fa. PMID: 22457776 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22457776
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0033552
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3319709/
(2012) Correction: PLoS ONE 7(4): 10.1371/annotation/57c710a6-83ba-444c-a352-b9f60125f2fa. doi:10.1371/annotation/57c710a6-83ba-444c-a352-b9f60125f2fa

Computational Predictions of Volatile Anesthetic Interactions with the Microtubule Cytoskeleton: Implications for Side Effects of General Anesthesia, Travis, JA, Marc St. George, Holly Freedman, Khaled Barakat, Sambasivarao Damaraju, Stuart Hameroff, Jack A. Tuszynski http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi/10.1371/journal.pone.0037251

Cytoskeletal Signaling: Is Memory Encoded in Microtubule Lattices by CaMKII Phosphorylation?, Craddock T, Tuszynski J, Hameroff S., PLoS Computational Biology, March 8, 2012
http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pcbi....

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SELECTED PEER REVIEWED ARTICLES - 2011
Lateral information processing by spiking neurons: a theoretical model of the neural correlate of consciousness.
Ebner, M, Hameroff, S., Comput Intell Neurosci. 2011;2011:247879. doi: 10.1155/2011/247879. Epub .
http://http/www.hindawi/journals/cin/2011/247879/

Penrose and Hameroff  'Consciousness in the Universe' Journal of Cosmology, 2011, Vol. 14
http://www.quantum-mind.org/Cosmology160.html
 

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SELECTED PEER REVIEWED ARTICLES - 2010
"Memory bytes" - molecular match for CaMKII phosphorylation encoding of microtubule lattices.
Hameroff SR, Craddock TJ, Tuszynski JA., J Integr Neurosci. (2010) Sep;9(3):253-67. PMID: 21064217 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21064217

The "conscious pilot"-dendritic synchrony moves through the brain to mediate consciousness.
Hameroff S., J Biol Phys. (2010) Jan;36(1):71-93. doi: 10.1007/s10867-009-9148-x. Epub . PMID: 9669425 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19669425

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SELECTED PEER REVIEWED ARTICLES - 2009
The “conscious pilot”—dendritic synchrony moves through the brain to mediate consciousness, Journal of Biological Physics, April, 2009
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2791805/

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SELECTED PEER REVIEWED ARTICLES - 2007
Hameroff, S. R. (2007), The Brain Is Both Neurocomputer and Quantum Computer.
Cogn Sci. 2007 Nov 12;31(6):1035-45. doi: 10.1080/03640210701704004
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23673035
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SELECTED PEER REVIEWED ARTICLES - 2006
The entwined mysteries of anesthesia and consciousness: is there a common underlying mechanism?
Hameroff SR., Anesthesiology. 2006 Aug;105(2):400-12. Review. No abstract available.
PMID: 16871075 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16871075
----------------------------------
2004
Hameroff S, A new theory of the origin of cancer: Centrioles, mitosis and quantum entanglement submitted (2004)
------------------------------------
2002
Hagan S, Hameroff S, Tuszynski. Quantum Computation in Brain Microtubules? Decoherence and Biological Feasibility, Physical Reviews E, 2002 65:061901.
Hameroff S, Nip A, Porter M, Tuszynski J. Conduction pathways in microtubules, biological quantum computation, and consciousness. BioSystems, 2002; 64: 149-168.
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2001
Woolf NJ, Hameroff S. A quantum approach to visual consciousness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2001; 5(11): 472-478.
Hameroff S. Consciousness, the brain and spacetime geometry. Annals New York Academy of Sciences, 2001; 929:74-104.
Hameroff S. To the brink of enlightenment? (Review of “The quantum brain” by Jeffrey Satinover) Cerebrum – The Dana Forum on Brain Science 3(2), Spring 2001.
Hameroff S. Anesthesia: the “other side” of consciousness (Commentary on the papers of E. Roy John and colleagues). Consciousness and Cognition, 2001; 10: 217-229.
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1999
Hameroff S.R. The neuron doctrine is an insult to neurons (commentary on target article "The neuron doctrine" by Gold and Stoljar) Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1999; 22(5):838-839.
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1998
Hameroff S.R. Quantum computation in brain microtubules? The Penrose-Hameroff "Orch OR" model of consciousness. Philosophical Transactions Royal Society London, 1998(A)356:1869-1896.
Hameroff S.R. Anesthesia, consciousness and hydrophobic pockets-a unitary quantum hypothesis of anesthetic action. Toxicology Letters, 1998; 100/101:31-39.
Hameroff S.R. Funda-Mentality: Is the conscious mind subtly linked to a basic level of the universe? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 1998; 2(4):119-127.
----------------------------------------
1997
Hameroff S. Quantum vitalism. Advances: The journal of Mind-Body Health 1997; 13(4):13-22.
Hameroff, S.R. Quantum computing in microtubules: an intra-neural correlate of consciousness? Cognitive Studies: Bulletin of the Japanese Cognitive Science Society, 1997; 4(3):67-92.
-----------------------------------------
1996
Hameroff S.R., Penrose R. Conscious events as orchestrated space-time selections. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 1996; 3(1):36-53.
Hameroff S.R., Penrose R. Orchestrated reduction of quantum coherence in brain microtubules: a model for consciousness? Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 1996; 40:453-480).
--------------------------------------------
1995
Hameroff S.R., Penrose R. Orchestrated reduction of quantum coherence in brain microtubules: a model for consciousness? Neural Network World, 1995; 5:793-804.
Penrose R, Hameroff S.R. What Gaps? Reply to Grush and Churchland. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 1995; 2(2):99-112.
Tuszynski JA, Hameroff SR, Satari MV, Trpisov B, Nip MLA: Ferroelectric behavior in microtubule dipole lattices: implications for information processing, signaling and assembly/disassembly. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 1995; 174:371-380.
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1994
Jibu M, Hagan S, Pribram K, Hameroff SR, Yasue K: Quantum optical coherence in cytoskeletal microtubules: implications for brain function. BioSystems, 1994; 32:195-209.
Hameroff, SR. Quantum coherence in microtubules: A neural basis for emergent consciousness? Journal of Consciousness Studies, 1994 1(1):91-118.
Dayhoff JE, Hameroff SR, Swenberg CE, Lahoz-Beltra R. Cytoskeletal involvement in neuronal learning: a review. Eur Biophys J, 1994; 23:79-93.
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1993
Koruga D, Simic-Krstic J, Trifunovic M, Jankovic S, Hameroff S, Withers JC, Loutfy RO. Imaging fullerene C60 with atomic resolution using a scanning tunneling microscope. Fullerene Sci Tech, 1993; 1(1):93-100.
Hameroff SR, Dayhoff JE, Lahoz-Beltra R, Samsonovich A, Rasmussen S. Conformational Automata in the Cytoskeleton: models for molecular computation. IEEE Computer, 1992; 25(11):30-39.
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1992
Hotani H, Lahoz-Beltra R, Combs B, Hameroff SR, Rasmussen S. Microtubule dynamics, liposomes and artificial cells: in vitro observation and cellular automata simulation of microtubule assembly/disassembly and membrane morphogenesis. Nanobiology, 1992; 1(1):61-74.
Samsonovich A, Scott A, Hameroff SR. Acousto-conformational transitions in cytoskeletal microtubules: implications for intracellular information processing. Nanobiology, 1992; 1:457-468.
----------------------------------------------------
1991
Navabi M, Watt RC, Miller K, Mylrea K, Hameroff SR. Integrated monitoring SMART alarms can recognize critical events and reduce false alarms. J Clin Mon, 1991; 16(4):295-306.
Hameroff SR, Simic-Krstic Y, Vernetti L, Lee YC, Sarid D, Wiedmann J,
Elings V, Kjoller K, McCuskey R. STM of cytoskeletal proteins: Microtubules and intermediate filaments. J Vac Sci A, 1990; 8(1):687-691.
Rasmussen S, Karampurwala H, Vaidyanath R, Jensen K, Hameroff S.
-----------------------------------------------
1990
Computational connectionism within neurons: a model of cytoskeletal automata subserving neural networks. Physica D, 1990; 42:428-449.
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1989
Simic-Krstic Y, Kelley M, Schneiker C, Krasovich M, McCuskey R, Koruga D, Hameroff S. Direct observation of microtubules with the scanning tunneling microscope. FASEB Journal, 1989; 3:2184-2188.
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1986
Hameroff SR, Smith SA, Watt RC. Automaton model of dynamic organization in microtubules. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1986; 446:949-952.
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1984
Smith S, Watt RC, Hameroff SR. Cellular automata in cytoskeletal lattice proteins. Physica D, 1984; 10:l68-l74.
Fukui T, Hameroff SR, Gandolfi AJ., Alpha-l-acid glycoprotein and beta-endorphin alterations in chronic pain patients. Anesthesiology, 1984; 60:494-496.
Hameroff SR, Weiss JL, Leman JC, Cork RC, Watts KS, Crago, BR, Neuman CP, Womble JR, Davis TP., Doxepin's effects on chronic pain and depression: a controlled study. J Clin Psychiatry, 1984; 45 (3 sec 2):47-52.
Cork RC, Weiss JL, Hameroff SR, Bentley J., Fentanyl preloading for rapid sequence induction of anesthesia. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 1984; 63:60-64.
Misiaszek J, Cork RC, Hameroff SR, Finley JF., The effect of electroconvulsive therapy on plasma beta-endorphin. Biological Psychiatry, 1984; l9:45l-455.
-------------------------------------------------------
1983
Otto CW, Quan SF, Conahan TJ, Calkins JM, Waterson CK, Hameroff SR., Hemodynamic effects of high frequency jet ventilation. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 1983; 62:(3) 298-304.
Hameroff, SR, Watt RC., Do anesthetics act by altering electron mobility? Anesthesia and Analgesia, 1983; 62:936-940.
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1982
Hameroff SR, Watt RC., Information processing in microtubules. J Theor Biol, 1982; 98:549-56l.
Calkins JM, Waterson CK, Hameroff SR., Jet pulse characteristics in high frequency ventilation. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 1982; 6l:293-300.
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1981
Hameroff SR, Waterson CK, Calkins JM, Kanel JS., High frequency alternating lung ventilation. Anesthesiology, 1981; 54:237-239.
Hameroff SR, Carlson GC, Brown, Jr BR., Ilioinguinal pain syndrome. Pain, 1981; l0:253-257.
Hameroff SR, Crago BR, Blitt CD, Womble J, Kanel JS., Comparison of bupivacaine, etidocaine, and saline for trigger-point therapy. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 1981; 60:752-755.
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1980
Bentley JV, Hameroff SR: Diffuse reflex sympathetic dystrophy. Anesthesiology, 1980; 53:256-257.
Stiffel P, Hameroff SR, Blitt CD and Cork R., Variability in assessment of neuromuscular blockade. Anesthesiology, 1980; 52:436-437.
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1979
Stiffel P, Hameroff SR: A modified technique for transtracheal anesthesia. Anesthesiology, 1979; 5l:274-275.
Chvapil M, Hameroff SR, O'Dea K, Peacock EE., Local anesthetics and wound healing. Journal of Surgical Research, 1979; 27:367-37l.
--------------------------------
1974
Hameroff SR. Ch’i: A neural hologram? Microtubules, bioholography and acupuncture.
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, (1974), 2(2):163-170.

Research Interests: 

Consciousness studies, quantum mechanical/general relativity approaches to consciousness, protein conformational dynamics, molecular mechanisms of anesthetic gas molecules, information processing in cytoskeletal microtubules, quantum information science, essential features of living systems, nanotechnology, nanomedicine, philosophical pan-protopsychism, coherence and decoherence.

Current Research Projects  -

UA Dept of Anesthesiology Research Page/Consciousness Research 

Dr. Stuart Hameroff ‘s research projects are potentially open to resident involvement time permitting. 

...updating

  • Good Vibrations - Transcranial Ultrasound

  • Tuning the Brain-updating...

LINKS:

Published Research /LINK TO PUB MED.gov

           Search Terms: SR Hameroff, Stuart Hameroff, Stuart R. Hameroff

UA Dept of Anesthesiology Research Page/Consciousness Research 

Personal Website:  Quantum Consciousness (under revision) www.quantumconsciousness.org

SR Hameroff, Director, Center for Consciousness Studies, www.consciousness.arizona.edu

Toward a Science of Consciousness Conferences     center@u.arizona.edu

Representative Publications: 

LINK TO PUB MED.gov

Published

  1. Hameroff S, Penrose R. Consciousness in the universe: A review of the 'Orch OR' theory. Phys Life Rev, 2014; Mar 11(1):39-78.
  2. Hameroff S, Quantum walks in brain microtubules-a biomolecular basis for quantum cognition? Top Cogn Sci, 2014; Jan; 6(1):91-7.
  3. Hameroff S, Penrose R, Reply to Seven Commentaries on “Consciousness in the Universe: Review of the ‘Orch OR’ theory".  Physics of Life Reviews, 2014; 11:94–100.
  4. Hameroff S, Penrose R, Reply to Criticism of the 'Orch OR qubit' - Orchestrated objective reduction is scientifically jusfiied. Physics of Life Reviews, 2014; 11(1):104-112
  5. Hameroff SR, Quantum mathematical cognition requires quantum brain biology: the "Orch OR" theory.  Behav Brain Sci, 2013; Jun; 36(3):287-90. 
  6. Hameroff S, Comment on: Capolupo, Freeman, Vitiello, A tale of two fields: comment on "Dissipation of 'dark energy' by cortex in knowledge retrieval"  Phys Life Rev, 2013; Mar;10(1):95-6; discussion 112-6.
  7. Hameroff S, Trakas M, Duffield C, Annabi E, Gerace MB, Boyle P, Lucas A, Amos Q, Buadu A, Badal JJ. Transcranial ultrasound (TUS) effects on mental states: a pilot study. Brain Stimul, 2013; May;6(3):409-15.
  8. Hameroff SR, Quantum mathematical cognition requires quantum brain biology: the "Orch OR" theory. Behav Brain Sci, 2013; Jun; 36(3):287-90.
  9. Hameroff, S, How quantum brain biology can rescue conscious free will. Front Integr Neurosci, 2012; 6:93, Oct 12
  10. Hameroff, S., Comment on: Comment on “Consciousness, biology and quantum hypotheses” in Quantum brain biology complements neuronal assembly approaches to consciousness by Baars and Edelman, S. Hameroff, 2012; July 11
  11. Craddock T, St George M, Freedman H, Barakat K, Damaraju S, Hameroff S, Tuszynski J, Computational Predictions of Volatile Anesthetic Interactions with the Microtubule Cytoskeleton: Implications for Side Effects of General Anesthesia, PLOS One, 2012; June 25
  12. Hameroff S, Trakas M, Duffield C, Annabi E, Gerace MB, Boyle P, Lucas A, Amos Q, Buadu A, Badal JJ , Transcranial ultrasound (TUS) effects on mental states: A pilot study, Brain Stimulation, 2012; 30  6:3 409-415. 
  13. Travis, JA, Marc St. George, Holly Freedman, Khaled Barakat, Sambasivarao Damaraju, Stuart Hameroff, Jack A Tuszynski, Computational Predictions of Volatile Anesthetic Interactions with the Microtubule Cytoskeleton: Implications for Side Effects of General Anesthesia, PLoS, 2012;  June 25
  14. Craddock TJ, Tuszynski JA, Chopra D, Casey N, Goldstein LE, Hameroff SR, Tanzi RE, The Zinc Dyshomeostasis Hypothesis of Alzheimer's Disease,  PLoS One, 2012; March 23 7(3).
  15. Travis, JA, St. George Marc, Freedman Holly, Barakat Khaled, Damaraju Sambasivarao, Hameroff Stuart, Tuszynski Jack A, Computational Predictions of Volatile Anesthetic Interactions with the Microtubule Cytoskeleton: Implications for Side Effects of General Anesthesia, PLoS One, 2012; June 25.
  16. Craddock T, Tuszynski J, Hameroff S., Cytoskeletal Signaling: Is Memory Encoded in Microtubule Lattices by CaMKII Phosphorylation?  PLoS Computational Biology, 2012; March 8
  17. Ebner, M, Hameroff, S.,  Lateral information processing by spiking neurons: a theoretical model of the neural correlate of consciousness.Comput Intell Neurosci, 2011; Oct 23
  18. Consciousness in the Universe' Journal of Cosmology; 2011; Vol. 14.
  19. Hameroff SR, Craddock TJ, Tuszynski JA."Memory bytes" - molecular match for CaMKII phosphorylation encoding of microtubule lattices. J Integr Neurosci, 2010; Sep;9(3):253-67.
  20. Hameroff S. The "conscious pilot"-dendritic synchrony moves through the brain to mediate consciousness.  J Biol Phys, 2010 Jan;36(1):71-93.
  21. Hameroff, SR.  The Brain Is Both Neurocomputer and Quantum Computer. Cogn Sci, 2007;  Nov 12;31(6):1035-45.
  22. Consciousness, Neurobiology and Quantum Mechanics: The Case for a Connection, In: The Emerging Physics of Consciousness, edited by Jack Tuszynski, Springer-Verlag, 2007 - link to pdf
  23. Hameroff SR., Anesthesiology.The entwined mysteries of anesthesia and consciousness: is there a common underlying mechanism? 2006; Aug;105(2):400-12
  24. Hameroff S, A new theory of the origin of cancer: Centrioles, mitosis and quantum entanglement submitted; 2004.
  25. Hameroff, SR Whitehead and Quantum Computation in the Brain: Panprotopsychism Meets the Physics of Fundamental Spacetime Geometry, S Hameroff, in Whitehead Process Network Compendium, ed M Weber; 2003; Time, Consciousness and Quantum Events in Fundamental Spacetime Geometry In: The nature of time: Physics, geometry and perception - Proceedings of a NATO Advanced Research Workshop, ed R Buccheri and M Saniga; 2003.
  26. Hagan S, Hameroff S, Tuszynski J, Quantum Computation in Brain Microtubules? Decoherence and Biological Feasibility, Physical Reviews E, 2002;  65:061901.
  27. Hameroff S, Nip A, Porter M, Tuszynski J. Conduction pathways in microtubules, biological quantum computation, and consciousness. BioSystems, 2002; 64: 149-168.
  28. Woolf NJ, Hameroff S.  A quantum approach to visual consciousness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2001; 5(11): 472-478.
  29. Hameroff S. Consciousness, the brain and spacetime geometry. Annals New York Academy of Sciences, 2001;  929:74-104.
  30. Hameroff S. To the brink of enlightenment? (Review of “The quantum brain” by Jeffrey Satinover) Cerebrum – The Dana Forum on Brain Science 3(2), Spring 2001.
  31. Hameroff S. Anesthesia: the “other side” of consciousness (Commentary on the papers of E. Roy John and colleagues). Consciousness and Cognition, 2001; 10: 217-229.
  32. Consciousness, The Brain And Spacetime Geometry (PDF) From The Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences special issue Cajal and consciousness,1999
  33. Hameroff S.R. The neuron doctrine is an insult to neurons (commentary on target article "The neuron doctrine" by Gold and Stoljar) Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1999; 22(5):838-839. 
  34. Hameroff S.R. Quantum computation in brain microtubules? The Penrose-Hameroff "Orch OR" model of consciousness. Philosophical Transactions Royal Society London, 1998; (A)356:1869-1896.
  35. Hameroff S.R. Anesthesia, consciousness and hydrophobic pockets-a unitary quantum hypothesis of anesthetic action. Toxicology Letters, 1998; 100/101:31-39.
  36. Hameroff S.R. Funda-Mentality: Is the conscious mind subtly linked to a basic level of the universe? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 1998; 2(4):119-127.
  37. Hameroff S. Quantum vitalism. Advances: The journal of Mind-Body Health 1997; 13(4):13-22.
  38. Hameroff, S.R. Quantum computing in microtubules: an intra-neural correlate of consciousness? Cognitive Studies: Bulletin of the Japanese Cognitive Science Society, 1997; 4(3):67-92.
  39. Hameroff S.R., Penrose R. Conscious events as orchestrated space-time selections. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 1996; 3(1):36-53.
  40. Hameroff S.R., Penrose R. Orchestrated reduction of quantum coherence in brain microtubules: a model for consciousness? Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 1996; 40:453-480.
  41. Hameroff S.R., Penrose R. Orchestrated reduction of quantum coherence in brain microtubules: a model for consciousness? Neural Network World, 1995; 5:793-804.
  42. Penrose R, Hameroff S.R. What Gaps? Reply to Grush and Churchland. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 1995; 2(2):99-112.
  43. Tuszynski JA, Hameroff SR, Satari MV, Trpisov B, Nip MLA: Ferroelectric behavior in microtubule dipole lattices: implications for information processing, signaling and assembly/disassembly. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 1995; 174:371-380
  44. Jibu M, Hagan S, Pribram K, Hameroff SR, Yasue K: Quantum optical coherence in cytoskeletal microtubules: implications for brain function. BioSystems, 1994; 32:195-209.
  45. Hameroff, SR. Quantum coherence in microtubules: A neural basis for emergent consciousness? Journal of Consciousness Studies, 1994; 1(1):91-118.
  46. Dayhoff JE, Hameroff SR, Swenberg CE, Lahoz-Beltra R. Cytoskeletal involvement in neuronal learning: a review. Eur Biophys J, 1994; 23:79-93.
  47. Koruga D, Simic-Krstic J, Trifunovic M, Jankovic S, Hameroff S, Withers JC, Loutfy RO. Imaging fullerene C60 with atomic resolution using a scanning tunneling microscope. Fullerene Sci Tech, 1993; 1(1):93-100.
  48. Hameroff SR, Dayhoff JE, Lahoz-Beltra R, Samsonovich A, Rasmussen S. Conformational Automata in the Cytoskeleton: models for molecular computation. IEEE Computer, 1992; 25(11):30-39.
  49. Hotani H, Lahoz-Beltra R, Combs B, Hameroff SR, Rasmussen S. Microtubule dynamics, liposomes and artificial cells: in vitro observation and cellular automata simulation of microtubule assembly/disassembly and membrane morphogenesis. Nanobiology, 1992; 1(1):61-74. 
  50. Samsonovich A, Scott A, Hameroff SR. Acousto-conformational transitions in cytoskeletal microtubules: implications for intracellular information processing. Nanobiology, 1992; 1:457-468.
  51. Navabi M, Watt RC, Miller K, Mylrea K, Hameroff SR. Integrated monitoring SMART alarms can recognize critical events and reduce false alarms. J Clin Mon, 1991; 16(4):295-306.
  52. Hameroff SR, Simic-Krstic Y, Vernetti L, Lee YC, Sarid D, Wiedmann J, Elings V, Kjoller K, McCuskey R. STM of cytoskeletal proteins: Microtubules and intermediate filaments. J Vac Sci A, 1990; 8(1):687-691.
  53. Rasmussen S, Karampurwala H, Vaidyanath R, Jensen K, Hameroff S., Computational connectionism within neurons: a model of cytoskeletal automata subserving neural networks. Physica D, 1990; 42:428-449.
  54. Simic-Krstic Y, Kelley M, Schneiker C, Krasovich M, McCuskey R, Koruga D, Hameroff S. Direct observation of microtubules with the scanning tunneling microscope. FASEB Journal, 1989; 3:2184-2188.
  55. Hameroff SR, Smith SA, Watt RC. Automaton model of dynamic organization in microtubules. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1986; 446:949-952.
  56. Smith S, Watt RC, Hameroff SR. Cellular automata in cytoskeletal lattice proteins. Physica D, 1984; 10:l68-l74.
  57. Fukui T, Hameroff SR, Gandolfi AJ., Alpha-l-acid glycoprotein and beta-endorphin alterations in chronic pain patients. Anesthesiology, 1984; 60:494-496.
  58. Hameroff SR, Weiss JL, Leman JC, Cork RC, Watts KS, Crago, BR, Neuman CP, Womble JR, Davis TP., Doxepin's effects on chronic pain and depression: a controlled study. J Clin Psychiatry, 1984; 45 (3 sec 2):47-52.
  59. Cork RC, Weiss JL, Hameroff SR, Bentley J., Fentanyl preloading for rapid sequence induction of anesthesia. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 1984; 63:60-64.
  60. Misiaszek J, Cork RC, Hameroff SR, Finley JF., The effect of electroconvulsive therapy on plasma beta-endorphin. Biological Psychiatry, 1984; l9:45l-455.
  61. Otto CW, Quan SF, Conahan TJ, Calkins JM, Waterson CK, Hameroff SR., Hemodynamic effects of high frequency jet ventilation. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 1983; 62:(3) 298-304.
  62. Hameroff, SR, Watt RC., Do anesthetics act by altering electron mobility? Anesthesia and Analgesia, 1983; 62:936-940.
  63. Hameroff SR, Watt RC., Information processing in microtubules. J Theor Biol, 1982; 98:549-56l.
  64. Calkins JM, Waterson CK, Hameroff SR., Jet pulse characteristics in high frequency ventilation. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 1982; 6l:293-300.
  65. Hameroff SR, Waterson CK, Calkins JM, Kanel JS., High frequency alternating lung ventilation. Anesthesiology, 1981; 54:237-239.
  66. Hameroff SR, Carlson GC, Brown, Jr BR., Ilioinguinal pain syndrome. Pain, 1981; l0:253-257.
  67. Hameroff SR, Crago BR, Blitt CD, Womble J, Kanel JS., Comparison of bupivacaine, etidocaine, and saline for trigger-point therapy. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 1981; 60:752-755.
  68. Bentley JV, Hameroff SR: Diffuse reflex sympathetic dystrophy. Anesthesiology, 1980; 53:256-257.
  69. Stiffel P, Hameroff SR, Blitt CD and Cork R., Variability in assessment of neuromuscular blockade. Anesthesiology, 1980; 52:436-437.
  70. Stiffel P, Hameroff SR: A modified technique for transtracheal anesthesia. Anesthesiology, 1979; 5l:274-275.
  71. Chvapil M, Hameroff SR, O'Dea K, Peacock EE., Local anesthetics and wound healing. Journal of Surgical Research, 1979; 27:367-37l.
  72. Hameroff SR. Ch’i: A neural hologram? Microtubules, bioholography and acupuncture. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 1974; 2(2):163-170.

 

Interviews, Presentations

See:      QuantumConsciousness.org

contact: Abi Behar-Montefiore, center@u.arizona.edu

 

ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES

See quantumconsciousness.org for a complete list of  Talks, Presentations, etc.

 

 

Keynote Speaker, University of Freiburg, Consciousness and teleportation, Lucerne, Switzerland,
January 22-25, 2004.
Speaker, Center for Consciousness Studies Discussion Forum, Consciousness rescued: But is the
therapy worse than the disease? Sept. 2004
Visiting Professor, Grand Rounds speaker, Department of Anesthesiology, Johns Hopkins University
School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, August 14, 2003
Visiting Professor, Grand Rounds speaker, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Pittsburgh,
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, April 14, 2003
Organizer “Quantum Mind 2003: Consciousness, quantum physics and the brain” to be held March
15-19, 2003 (www.consciousness.arizona.edu/quantum-mind2)
Co-organizer conference series "Toward a Science of Consciousness" held in Tucson in 1994, 1996,
1998, 2000 and 2002.
Co-founder/Associate Director Center for Consciousness Studies, University of Arizona (established
November 1999).
Founder "Quantum-Mind" email discussion group
http://www.consciousness.arizona.edu/quantum-mind.html
Organizer Flagstaff conference "Quantum approaches to understanding the
mind, July 28-Aug 1, 1999.
Course Leader - Webcourse: "Consciousness at the Millenium - Quantum
Approaches to Understanding the Mind" September 27, 1999 - January 14, 2000.
http://www.consciousness.arizona.edu/Millennium/index.html